Diane W. Shannon, MD, MPH
There are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a common cause of chronic kidney disease. See your doctor to find out if you have high blood pressure. If you do, take the blood pressure medications your doctor prescribes. Aggressive treatment of your blood pressure can prevent further damage to your kidneys.
is the number one cause of chronic kidney disease. Also, high blood glucose levels make the condition worse. Simple tests can tell if you have diabetes. If you do, take the medications your doctor prescribes to reduce the risk of chronic kidney disease.
Smoking makes chronic kidney disease worse. Ask your doctor for help in stopping.
Table salt, including potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium, and dietary protein make chronic kidney disease progress more quickly. Your doctor may recommend cutting down on salt and protein.
Prolonged use of medications, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and phenacetin, can lead to chronic kidney disease. Talk to your doctor if you take these medications regularly.
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https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 2, 2013.
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http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/kidney/832.html. Updated November 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.
Kidney disease basics. National Kidney Disease Education Program website. Available at:
http://www.nkdep.nih.gov/patients/kidney_disease_information.htm. March 1, 2012. Accessed July 2, 2013.
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National Kidney Foundation. Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) clinical practice guidelines on hypertension and antihypertensive agents in chronic kidney disease.
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Last reviewed May 2015 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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