Diane W. Shannon, MD, MPH
In its early phases, chronic kidney disease usually doesn’t cause symptoms. However, as the condition progresses to the end-stage renal disease stage, it can cause a number of symptoms, including:
Are you at increased risk for chronic kidney disease? National Kidney Foundation website. Available at:
http://www.kidney.org/atoz/pdf/11-10-1814.pdf. Published 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.
Chronic kidney disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated April 22, 2013. Accessed July 2, 2013.
Chronic kidney disease: patient information handout. American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at:
http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/kidney/832.html. Updated November 2010. Accessed July 2, 2013.
National Kidney Foundation. Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) clinical practice guidelines for chronic kidney disease: evaluation, classification, and stratification.
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Snyder S, Pendergraph B. Detection and evaluation of chronic kidney disease.
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Last reviewed May 2015 by Michael Woods, MD
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