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The goal of treatment is to reach and maintain a normal level of thyroid hormone in your body. This is checked using a routine thyroid function blood test called a TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone). A normal range is around 0.4-4.5 mIU/L. This is reached by taking a replacement thyroid hormone by pill.
You will likely need thyroid hormone replacement for the rest of your life. The thyroid gland does not regrow.
Treatment involves the following:
There are no surgical procedures to treat hypothyroidism.
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases/hypothyroidism. Updated August 2016. Accessed February 20, 2017.
Hypothyroidism in adults. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115914/Hypothyroidism-in-adults. Updated July 12, 2016. Accessed February 20, 2017.
Roberts CG, Ladenson RW. Hypothyroidism.
Last reviewed February 2017 by James P. Cornell, MD
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