Debra Wood, RN
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of developing melanoma. Some risk factors such as your age or family history cannot be modified, but others can. For example, melanoma is strongly linked with exposure to UV radiation, like sunlight. Protecting your skin from sun exposure or tanning beds is important to decreasing the risk of melanoma.
To help protect your skin from UV radiation:
Check your skin regularly and have someone help you check areas you cannot see, such as your back, buttocks, scalp, underneath the breasts of women, and the backs of the legs. Look at the soles of your feet, palms of your hands, all your nails, and between your fingers and toes. If you notice any suspicious moles, contact your doctor right away.
Catching changes early may prevent the cancer from developing. Early stage melanoma is easier to treat.
Can skin cancer be found early? American Cancer Society website. Available at:
https://www.cancer.org/cancer/melanoma-skin-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/detection.html. Updated May 20, 2016. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Melanoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115302/Melanoma. Updated January 10, 2017. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Melanoma. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologic-disorders/cancers-of-the-skin/melanoma. Updated February 2017. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Skin cancer prevention and early detection. American Cancer Society website. Available at:
https://www.cancer.org/cancer/skin-cancer/prevention-and-early-detection.html. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Sun protection. Skin Cancer Foundation website. Available at: http://www.skincancer.org/prevention/sun-protection. Accessed March 16, 2017.
Last reviewed March 2017 by Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
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