Maria Adams, MS, MPH, RD
A low-sodium diet restricts the amount of sodium (salt) in your diet. On this diet, you should aim to consume no more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day. This is the amount in about one teaspoon of table salt.
is a mineral found in many foods. Most people consume much more sodium than they need. Diets high in sodium can increase blood pressure. A high-sodium diet may increase your risk of
stroke. Reducing your sodium intake may help lower blood pressure.
Foods highest in sodium include table salt (about 50% sodium), convenience foods, preserved foods, and processed foods. Examples of processed foods include:
Foods to avoid:
Beverages to avoid:
American Heart Association
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Dietitians of Canada
Heart & Stroke Foundation
Guidelines for a low sodium diet. UCSF Medical Center website. Available at: https://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/guidelines_for_a_low_sodium_diet. Accessed May 8, 2014.
How to follow a low-sodium diet. Heart Failure Society of America website. Available at: http://www.hfsa.org/how-to-follow-a-low-sodium-diet. Accessed May 8, 2014.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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