Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a form of lung failure. It is a life-threatening lung condition. ARDS can occur in very ill or severely injured people. It is not a specific disease.
ARDS starts with the tiny blood vessels in the lungs. These vessels leak fluid into the lung sacs. The fluid decreases the ability of the lungs to move oxygen into the body.
ARDS can develop in anyone over the age of one year old.
ARDS can be caused by many types of injuries, including:
Indirect injury to the lungs:
ARDS may occur within few days of a lung or bone marrow transplantation.
ARDS develops most often in people who are being treated for the conditions listed above. Very few who have these issues will go on to develop ARDS.
Other factors that may increase your chance of ARDS include:
ARDS may cause:
They often develop within 24-48 hours of the injury. If you or someone else is experiencing any symptoms, seek medical help
Doctors may suspect ARDS when:
The doctor will ask about symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. People who develop ARDS may be too sick to complain of symptoms. Tests may include:
If you are able talk with the doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
Often, ARDS patients are sedated to tolerate these treatments.
To help reduce your chance of getting ARDS, seek timely treatment for any direct or indirect injury to the lungs.
American Lung Association
National Library of Medicine
The Lung Association
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Last reviewed June 2015 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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