THURSDAY, Aug.5 (HealthDay News) -- During an attack on an
Afghanistan village, shrapnel sliced into a 5-year-old girl's
skull, almost killing her. U.S. military helicopter pilots flew her
to a hospital at Bagram Airfield, where a U.S. neurosurgeon
operated, saving her life.
In Afghanistan, the priority of military surgeons is treating
injured U.S. servicemen and women. But when they have beds and
personnel available, U.S. doctors will also treat Afghan
The most satisfying cases, doctors say, are the kids who would
otherwise not get the care they need.
"Almost every case I did out there, in particular the kids, has stuck with me," said Dr. Paul Klimo Jr., a former U.S. Air Force neurosurgeon who recently left the military and is now a pediatric neurosurgeon at St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn. "That 5-year-old girl was quite sick for awhile, but the last update I got on her, she was doing great."
In 2009, more than 1,000 children were killed in
conflict-related incidents in Afghanistan, according to the Afghan
Rights Monitor, a Kabul-based human rights organization. And war
can take a harsh toll on children in other ways, says Afghan Rights
Monitor director Ajmal Samadi.
"War kills their parents, family and friends. It deprives children of education, health and other essential services. It displaces children," Samadi said. "It affects their food security condition. It exposes them to exploitation and abuse by warring and criminal groups. It damages their mental health and leaves them with long-term emotional and psychological scars."
Access to medical care is very limited, Samadi said, with few
pediatricians in a country in which about half of the estimated
population of 28 million is younger than 15.
"This problem is very serious in rural and particularly in conflict-affected areas where doctors do not work due to widespread insecurity," Samadi said. "Afghanistan's private health-care sector is nascent and restricted to a few cities mostly in relatively secure areas."
According to the United Nations, Afghanistan has the second
highest maternal mortality rate in the world and the third highest
rate of child mortality, while only 23 percent of the population
has access to safe drinking water.
Abject poverty also makes it impossible for families to seek
care for their children. Some 9 million Afghans, or 36 percent,
live in absolute poverty, while 37 percent live only slightly above
the poverty line, according to the U.N.
With many children malnourished and infected with intestinal
roundworm, wounds take longer to heal or heal improperly, said
Klimo, who until July was with the 88th Medical Group at
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Ohio. He wrote about his
experiences in the August issue of the
Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics.
While stationed at Bagram, Klimo's patients included families
who came with their sick children by bus or taxi, who'd had their
cars shot at in Taliban-held territory, and who kept their
destination a secret to avoid problems, he said.
Over the course of two years, Klimo and the medical team at
Bagram performed nearly 300 neurosurgeries, including 57 operations
on 43 children. About 54 percent of the surgeries were for
battle-related traumas and the rest were for humanitarian reasons,
or conditions unrelated to the fighting.
At times, the doctors had to make tough choices, including
turning away patients they would have been able to help in the
United States, Klimo said. While they had an X-ray and CT scan,
they didn't have an MRI or other neurological equipment that
neurosurgeons would have in a stateside operating room, Klimo
"You're not back home. You don't have all the equipment and all the personnel, especially in neurosurgery where we rely heavily on a lot of special equipment," he said. "You have to adapt, learn on the job and make do with the resources you have available."
Travel was treacherous, security tight, and Klimo's primary
responsibility was taking care of wounded troops. He couldn't
perform surgeries in which there was a high chance of post-surgery
complications or need for lots of follow-up care, he said.
"There were certain cases that I just couldn't do. That was often a very difficult thing. If I was back home, I would have been able to help virtually everyone -- or at least try," Klimo said. "But sometimes we were full and we needed to have all the space to treat our own soldiers."
But there were many success stories, including removing a large
mass from the back of an 11-month girl that had prevented her from
sitting in a chair, and removing a large cyst from the brain of a
5-month old who lived in a remote mountainous region.
"There is lots of other wonderful work going on over there every day," Klimo said. "Kids with bad burns, kids with cleft palates and other congenital problems are getting treatment they wouldn't otherwise."
United Nations has more on living conditions in Afghanistan.
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