WEDNESDAY, Dec 8 (HealthDay News) -- A not-so surprising
ingredient is now appearing in those treats your pet craves.
Over the past five years, sugar has increasingly been added to
some popular brands of dog and cat treats to make them more
palatable and profitable, according to veterinarian Dr. Ernie Ward,
founder of the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention.
Noting that 90 million U.S. pets are considered overweight, Ward
said, "If I could only point to one factor causing the modern-day
pet obesity epidemic, it would have to be treats. It's that
seemingly innocent extra 50 calories a day in the form of a chew or
cookie that adds up to a pound or two each year."
"Dogs, like humans, have a sweet tooth, and manufacturers know this," Ward added. "If a dog gobbles a treat quickly, an owner is more likely to give another, and another."
Americans spend more than $2 billion annually on dog and cat
treats, according to Euromonitor International, a market research
firm. In fact, some of the largest players in the pet food industry
are companies also producing human snack foods, including Del
Monte, Nestle, and Proctor & Gamble.
To keep pets trim and healthy, Ward tells owners to avoid treats
with any form of sugar (such as sucrose, dextrose, or fructose)
listed as one of the top three ingredients.
"The addition of sugar to pet treats has increased not only the calories but also the potential risk of insulin resistance and diabetes," he said.
Veterinarian Dr. Jennifer Larsen, an assistant professor of
clinical nutrition at the University of California's School of
Veterinary Medicine in Davis, explained that sugar is used in foods
and treats for a variety of reasons, and only some of those are
related to palatability.
For example, she said, corn syrup is used as a thickener and to
suspend the dough for proper mixing of ingredients, and dextrose is
used to evenly distribute moisture throughout a food.
"Sugar has a role in the physical and taste characteristics of many products, helping to mask bitter flavors imparted by acidifying agents, or changing the texture of specific treat types," she said.
Still, consumers remain in the dark as to how much sugar
commercial pet treats contain. Unlike human foods, the amount of
sugar isn't listed on the label. New labeling regulations are
currently being considered, though, that would reveal maximum sugar
and starch content.
In response to questions about sugar in their pet food treats,
Del Monte Foods released a prepared statement saying: "When used
responsibly and in moderation, treats like [ours] add enjoyment and
excitement to a dog's diet and foster the emotional bond between
pets and pet parents, without contributing to weight gain.
Nutritional needs vary based on factors such as breed, size and
The statement added, "Del Monte recommends that consumers
consult their veterinarian for snack-feeding guidelines that will
give their pets the nutrition they need and the taste and
excitement they crave. "
Ward, the author of
Chow Hounds: Why Our Dogs Are Getting Fatter, said that he's not anti-sugar or anti-snack for pets. He just wants people to make better choices when it comes to the foods they give their pets.
One way to do that is by ditching calorie-dense cookies for
what's in the refrigerator, Larsen added.
"Owners forget that human foods, especially fruits and vegetables, make excellent and healthy treats, which are more cost-effective than commercial pet treats," she said.
Apples, berries and carrots are nutritious and low-calorie
snacks for dogs. Salmon or tuna flakes are healthy options for
cats. But, she added, pet owners should always avoid food known to
be harmful to pets such as garlic, onions, grapes, macadamia nuts,
At the end of the day, treats should only make up 10 percent of
calories consumed by your pet.
As a general rule, Ward advised against giving any pet treat
containing more than 15 calories unless it's a special occasion
such as a birthday or Christmas.
Better yet, instead of giving your pet a sugary treat, spend
some quality time together, he advised. Grab a leash and go for a
walk with your dog; take out a toy and play with your cat.
"Replace confection with affection whenever possible," Ward said. "Both you and your pet will benefit from eating fewer snacks and more playtime."
There's more on helping your pet stay healthy at the
U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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