THURSDAY, Nov. 17 (HealthDay News) -- More Americans are living
to 90 and beyond, and by 2050 their ranks could reach almost 9
million, a new U.S. Census Bureau report finds.
In fact, the number of nonagenarians has nearly tripled -- from
720,000 in 1980 to 1.9 million in 2010, researchers found.
Most of them -- 74 percent -- are women, particularly white
women who live alone or in nursing homes, according to the
"The older population is aging rapidly and people have to prepare for a higher probability of living to 90 and adapting their lifestyle and savings behavior to that fact," said Richard Suzman, director of the division of behavioral and social research at the U.S. National Institute on Aging, which commissioned the report.
"In addition, we need to redouble efforts at finding ways to prevent and treat dementia and frailty," he said.
Those people living to 90 and beyond are the fastest-growing
group in the older population, Suzman said. "This is in part due to
the size of older cohorts coupled with increases in life
expectancy," he said.
Because of the rapid growth in the number of 90-year-olds, the
report also suggests that the definition of the oldest of the old
be changed from 85 to 90.
Among other demographic features of this 90-plus population:
Most are widowed white women living alone or in a nursing home.
Most are high school graduates. Almost half of their income comes
from Social Security and almost all are covered by Medicare and/or
Medicaid. Most have one or more disabilities.
Although more older people are living alone, it does not mean
they are healthy or independent, Suzman said. Many are living in
assisted living facilities or have other home services such as
visiting nurses, meals-on-wheels or help from family, he said.
Highlights of the report include:
Dr. Robert Schwartz, professor and chairman of Family Medicine
& Community Health at the University of Miami Miller School of
Medicine, said that "the real issue here is that people are living
longer, but unfortunately the healthy 90-year-olds are few and far
Most of Schwartz's old patients have common problems of aging
such as hearing loss, eye problems, dementia and cardiovascular
disease, he said. "This represents a problem as we go into the
future, because elderly people consume a huge portion of the health
care dollar and that's only going to increase," he said.
Schwartz noted that people are living longer for a variety of
reasons including better diet, medical care, fewer accidental
deaths in the workplace and better emergency care for acute
conditions such as heart attack.
For more on healthy aging, visit the
U.S. Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention.
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