-- Robert Preidt
FRIDAY, Jan. 20 (HealthDay News) -- More than half (51.4
percent) of American adults at risk for hepatitis B infection have
not been vaccinated, a new study says.
People at risk for hepatitis B infection, which can lead to
liver disease, include those who share needles when using
injectable drugs and those who engage in certain risky sexual
practices. Previous research shows that 95 percent of new hepatitis
B infections occur among people with these types of behavioral risk
The finding about vaccination rates comes from researchers at
Brown University in Providence, R.I., who analyzed data from 15,000
adults who took part in the 2007 U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor
The study also found that more than half of those who weren't
vaccinated had the potential to receive the vaccine. These missed
opportunities are a reason why hepatitis B infections persist, the
"This is a really simple thing that we could do, and if somebody ends up getting the disease because we didn't make the effort, then I think that's really a shame," study senior author Brian Montague, an assistant professor of medicine in the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and a physician at the Miriam Hospital in Providence, said in a university news release.
The likelihood of vaccination was lower among people older than
33, those with less access to health insurance and those who are
also unvaccinated against other diseases, such as the flu.
But even among those with access to health care, thousands of
people had not been vaccinated against hepatitis B infection, the
The researchers identified some locations where improved rates
of hepatitis B vaccination would make a substantial difference. For
example, hepatitis B vaccinations could be given when people are
tested for HIV at the doctor's office, hospital, clinic or
The study was published online Jan. 12 in the journal
The U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney
Diseases has more about
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