Here are some of the latest health and medical news
developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:
New U.S. Nutrition Rules for School Foods
Lower limits on the amount of fat, calories, sugar and salt in
all foods sold in U.S. schools were finalized this week by federal
Included in the new Department of Agriculture restrictions are
snacks sold around the school and items on the "a la carte" line in
cafeterias, which have never been regulated before, the
The new rules, which apply to 100,000 schools nationwide, allow
states to regulate student bake sales.
The regulations -- required under a child nutrition law passed
by Congress in 2010 -- are meant to combat childhood obesity and
could lead to major changes in what many children eat at school,
according to the
Some schools do provide healthier lunch menus and vending
machine choices, but others still sell high-fat, high-calorie
foods. The nutritional content of free and low-cost school
breakfasts and lunches subsidized by the federal government are
already regulated. However, many school lunchrooms also have "a la
carte" lines that sell other foods, many of which are
Under the new rules, those "a la carte" lines will have to offer
healthier choices, such as low-fat hamburgers, yogurt and fruit
Another major change under the new rule will be a near-ban on
high-calorie beverages. Only sports drinks and sodas that contain
60 calories or less per 12-ounce serving will be allowed in high
schools. Many companies have already developed low-calorie sports
drinks and many diet teas and diet sodas are available.
In elementary and middle schools, beverage choices will be
limited to water, carbonated water, 100 percent fruit or vegetable
juice, and low fat and fat-free milk, including fat-free flavored
Mandela Placed on Life Support: Official
Nelson Mandela is on life support, according to a South African
official who was briefed on the anti-apartheid hero's
Mandela, 94, has been in hospital since June 8 for treatment of
a recurring lung infection. Government spokesman Mac Maharaj
declined to comment on the situation, citing doctor-patient
Since Sunday, Mandela's condition has been described as
critical. After visiting Mandela late Wednesday night, South
African President Jacob Zuma canceled a visit to Mozambique.
Mandela's former physician and the nation's ex-surgeon general,
Dr. Vejay Ramlakan, also visited the hospital Wednesday, according
South African Press Association,
Most Chimps to be Retired from Medical Research: NIH
Most of the chimpanzees who've spent their entire lives in
research labs are going to be retired by the U.S. National
Institutes of Health.
The agency said Wednesday that it will retire about 310 chimps
from medical research over the next few years, saying they "deserve
special respect," the
Only 50 chimps will be kept so that they will be available if
needed for important medical research that could be performed no
other way, the NIH said.
In 2011, the Institute of Medicine said that nearly all use of
chimps for invasive medical research no longer can be justified,
APreported. The NIH said more space in sanctuaries is needed
in order to provide all the retiring chimps with homes.
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