-- Robert Preidt
FRIDAY, Jan. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Putting toddlers to bed at a
time that's out of sync with their internal body clock could lead
to sleep problems, according to a small new study.
Researchers analyzed the sleep of 14 toddlers, aged 30 to 36
months, for six nights. They found differences in when children's
levels of melatonin -- a hormone that affects sleep -- started to
increase in the evening. Rising levels of melatonin indicate the
start of night to the body's biological clock, the researchers
On average, the toddlers' melatonin levels began to rise at
about 7:40 p.m., about a half-hour before parents put them to bed.
The children typically fell asleep about 30 minutes after being put
Several toddlers, however, were put to bed before their
melatonin levels began to rise. These kids took 40 to 60 minutes to
fall asleep, according to the researchers from the University of
Colorado at Boulder.
"For these toddlers, lying in bed awake for such a long time can lead to the association of bed with arousal, not sleep," study leader Monique LeBourgeois, an assistant professor in the integrative physiology department, said in a university news release. "This type of response may increase children's lifelong risk for insomnia."
The study was published in the December issue of the journal
Mind, Brain, and Education.
"There is relatively little research out there on how the physiology of toddlers may contribute to the emergence of sleep problems," LeBourgeois said. "Sleeping at the wrong 'biological clock' time leads to sleep difficulties like insomnia in adults."
LeBourgeois said about 25 percent of toddlers and preschoolers
have difficulty settling down at bedtime. This leads to problems
such as trouble falling asleep, resisting going to bed, tantrums,
calling out from bed, or repeatedly getting out of bed for a glass
of water or to go to the bathroom.
"It's not practical to assess melatonin levels in every child," LeBourgeois said. "But if your child is resisting bedtime or having problems falling asleep, it is likely he or she is not physiologically ready for sleep at that time."
The American Academy of Pediatrics has more about
toddlers and bedtime.
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