TUESDAY, July 1, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 80 percent of
deaths of Americans age 30 and younger result from injury or
violence, U.S. health researchers reported Tuesday.
More young Americans die from injury than from any other cause,
according to a study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention. These fatalities stem from automobile crashes,
drowning, firearm-related injuries, falls, assault, drug overdoses
and other preventable causes.
"Nearly 180,000 people of all ages in the U.S. die every year from injury and violence -- that's one death every three minutes," said lead author Tamara Haegerich, a researcher in CDC's division of unintentional injury prevention.
In 2010, the top three causes of death for young people were
unintentional injury, suicide and homicide, according to the
report, published online July 2 in
Injuries are expensive. In 2010, the estimated cost of the 31.2
million unintentional and violence-related nonfatal injuries was
more than $500 billion in medical care and lost productivity, the
"Injuries and violence are not inevitable -- they can be prevented," Haegerich said.
The report on unintended injury and violence highlights the need
for wide-reaching prevention efforts, the reseachers said.
Programs designed to prevent injury and violence can work,
Haegerich and other experts said. Child safety-seat requirements,
seat belt laws, and drinking-and-driving laws have reduced the
number of deaths from injury and reduced related costs, she
Dr. Leopoldo Malvezzi, trauma director at Miami Children's
Hospital in Florida, calls injury prevention a "public health
"When prevention strategies are used, they are effective, but some measures get lost in political infighting," he said. "This country has the biggest number of firearm-related deaths. No other civilized country has this kind of number."
Gun-safety laws would prevent both suicides and homicides,
Malvezzi said. "People can kill themselves in two seconds if they
have access to a gun -- even if they didn't really mean to --
whereas it takes a lot of effort to kill yourself if you don't have
a gun and typically you don't do it," he said.
Malvezzi believes that deaths from injury and violence can be
prevented through coordinated public health programs.
"What saves tens of thousands of lives are systems that work so people don't get hurt," he said. "Hospitals have to have an injury-prevention program. That, strangely enough, saves more people than even a trauma program."
For example, Miami Children's Hospital requires that parents
prove they have a proper infant car seat before the child can leave
the hospital, Malvezzi said.
Dr. Alan Kaplan, director of emergency medicine at Plainview
Hospital in Plainview, N.Y., agreed that prevention efforts are
"Enormous potential exists in education regarding the prevention of motor vehicle accidents, falls in the elderly, prescription drug overdoses, suicide/homicide and child safety, to name a few," he said.
Haegerich said school-based violence prevention programs and
therapeutic foster care instead of juvenile incarceration have
proven effective. Expanding these and other programs could reduce
injuries, she said.
But good ideas and programs don't lead to immediate
improvements, Kaplan said. "There is difficulty in communicating
these messages to the public," he said. "It is also expensive."
Other 2010 findings from the report follow:
For more information on injury prevention, visit the
U.S. Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention.
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