Diane Safer, PhD
The metabolic syndrome is not a disease, but rather a group of risk factors for heart disease.
Elevated blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, large waistline and a high fasting blood glucose level are all risk factors that can make up metabolic syndrome.
According to the American Heart Association, metabolic syndrome affects 35% of adults in the United States. It is important to be tested for these risk factors and have them managed because they put you at a higher risk for a number of serious conditions, including
type 2 diabetes,
heart attack, and
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Grundy SM. Metabolic syndrome: a multiplex cardiovascular risk factor.
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Grundy SM, Cleeman JI, Daniels SR, et al. Diagnosis and management of the metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated January 9, 2013. Accessed February 22, 2013.
Ridker PM, Wilson PWF, Grundy SM. Should C-reactive protein be added to metabolic syndrome and to assessment of global cardiovascular risk?
Steinberger J, Daniels SR, Eckel RH, et al. AHA scientific statement: progress and challenges in metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents.
4/15/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/: Mottillo S, Filion KB, Genest J, Joseph L, et al. The metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol.
Last reviewed May 2015 by Kim A. Carmichael, MD, FACP
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