Michelle Badash, MS
Pneumonia is an infection that affects the small airways and air sacs in the lungs.
Pneumonia is sometimes described by where and how you were infected. Types of pneumonia include:
Pneumonia may be
Pneumonia is more common in older adults. Other factors that may increase your chance of pneumonia include:
Pneumonia may cause:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may suspect pneumonia based on your symptoms, and breath and lung sounds. Tests can confirm diagnosis and determine the specific germ causing the pneumonia.
Your bodily fluids may be tested with:
Pulse oximetry measures blood oxygen levels.
Images may be taken of your lungs. This can be done with:
Treatment of pneumonia depends on:
People with severe pneumonia may need to be hospitalized.
Your doctor may advise:
Certain vaccines may prevent pneumonia:
Other preventive measures include:
American Lung Association
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
The Lung Association
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Last reviewed February 2016 by David L Horn, MD
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