Ricker Polsdorfer, MD
is an abnormally high proportion of body fat. The doctor can often determine if you are obese by looking at your body and assessing the percentage of body fat. Methods of assessing body fat are discussed below.
Measuring your weight in proportion to your height is the traditional way of determining whether you are overweight, obese, or at an appropriate weight. Your doctor can often determine if you are overweight or obese by calculating your
body mass index
(BMI), which is derived by dividing your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. Your BMI can easily be calculated using a height and weight table.
The BMI calculation does not take into account whether your weight is composed mostly of fat or muscle. Some very muscular people may have a high BMI without being overweight or obese.
In addition, there is also risk associated with abdominal fat accumulation, even if your total weight is not particularly high. So measuring the circumference of your waist is also an important measure of whether you need to lose weight.
There are other tests that can estimate your percentage of body fat. Accuracy of these tests varies and some are so expensive that you are not likely to have them at the doctor’s office. When combined with your visual appearance and waist circumference, your BMI can usually provide a valid estimate of whether you are overweight or obese.
Tests to diagnose obesity include:
Aim for healthy weight. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/risk.htm. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Barlow SE, and Expert Committee: Expert Committee Recommendations Regarding the Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity: Summary Report.
Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Available at:
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf. Published September 1998. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Deurenberg P, Deurenberg-Yap, Guricci S: Asians are different from Caucasians and from each other in their body mass index/body fat percent relationship.
Obesity Rev. 2002;3:141-146.
Deurenberg-Yap M, Schmidt G, van Staveren WA, Deurenberg, P: The paradox of low body mass index and high body fat percentage among Chinese, Malays and Indians in Singapore.
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000;24:1011-7.
Heart-Health Risk Assessment.
American Heart Association
website. Available at:
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/ToolsForYourHeartHealth/Heart-Health-Risk-Assessments-from-the-American-Heart-Association_UCM_306929_Article.jsp. Updated February 27, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.
How Are Overweight and Obesity Diagnosed?
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/diagnosis.html. Updated July 13, 2012. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Obesity in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 7, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Obesity in children and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 20, 2013. Accessed March 20, 2013.
Last reviewed June 2013 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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