Amy Scholten, MPH
Metabolic syndrome is a combination of risk factors that increase your risk of heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. It is diagnosed when at least three of the following are present: high blood pressure, high triglyceride levels, large waistline, low HDL (good) cholesterol, and high fasting blood sugar.
The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not known. It believed to be due to a combination of factors, such as:
Metabolic syndrome is more common in people who are Hispanic, Caucasian, or African American. Factors that may increase your chance of metabolic syndrome include:
Symptoms may include:
You may be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome if you have:
*mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter of blood, mmol/L = millimoles per liter of blood
The treatment of metabolic syndrome involves:
or other weight loss surgery may be helpful to treat metabolic syndrome if obesity is severe. Talk to your doctor to learn if this is an option for you.
To help reduce your chances of metabolic syndrome:
American Heart Association
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Cardiovascular Society
Canadian Diabetes Association
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1/13/2009 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
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2/17/2009 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113812/Metabolic-syndrome-in-adults: Davidson LE, Hudson R, Kilpatrick K, et al. Effects of exercise modality on insulin resistance and functional limitation in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(2):122-131.
5/11/2009 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
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1/22/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance
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7/15/2015 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T113812/Metabolic-syndrome-in-adults: Dibaba DT, Xun P, Fly AD, Yokota K, He K. Dietary magnesium intake and risk of metabolic syndrome: A meta-analysis. Diabet Med. 2014;31(11):1301-1309.
Last reviewed February 2016 by Kim Carmichael, MD
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