Sarah J. Kerr, BA
You have probably heard a lot about the restrictions of a diabetic diet. Whether it’s that you can never give in to your sweet tooth or that you have to prepare a special meal that is different from what your family is eating, it can seem like having diabetes means the end of good eating. That is not the case. In fact, everyone should eat a healthful diet so there is no need for you eat differently than the rest of your family.
Are there magic foods that will leave you feeling full without spiking your blood glucose? Yes, there are! The American Diabetes Association lists these 10 superfoods that have a low glycemic index (has less of an impact on your blood glucose) and provides important nutrients. When you're planning meals with your family, make sure to fill up on these superfoods:
As you can see from this list of superfoods, many healthy options fit into a diabetic diet. For an even healthier diet, remember these tips:
Everyone experiences food cravings from time to time. The best way to deal with food cravings is to make room in your meal plan to eat these crave-worthy foods occasionally. If you were diagnosed with diabetes many years ago, you may have been told to avoid sugar in your diet. Now, however, experts agree that you can substitute small amounts of sugar for other carbohydrate-containing foods and still meet your glucose goals.
So if it is a sweet treat you crave, you may be in luck! For example, if you wish to have a cookie with your lunch, substituting the bread on your sandwich for low-carb bread can help you stay within your carb limits for the meal. The total amount of carbohydrate you eat has more of an effect on your blood glucose than the type, so just be sure to adjust your total carbohydrate intake to make room for the treat you crave.
If you just cannot live without sweets, consider foods sweetened with sugar substitutes. Artificial sweeteners are 200-600 times as sweet as sugar and usually do not contain carbs, so they will not affect your blood glucose.
Sugar alcohols are natural sugar substitutes. Food manufacturers are not required to list these in the nutrition facts label, but you can find them in the ingredients list. Sugar alcohols end in “ol,” like maltitol and sorbitol. Carbs from sugar alcohols are included in the total carbohydrate amount on the nutrition facts label. The body doesn't absorb half the carbohydrate in sugar alcohols, so if you are counting carbs, you can subtract half the sugar alcohol grams from the total carb grams.
Many healthy foods can be a part of a diabetic diet. You can even curb cravings by including a sweet treat now and then. As always, a healthy diet means healthy portion sizes—even if you are eating a sugar-free food. And remember to talk to your doctor or dietitian about what foods are right for you.
American Diabetes Association
Joslin Diabetes Center
Canadian Diabetes Association
Public Health Agency of Canada
Diabetes superfoods. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/diabetes-superfoods.html. Updated August 1, 2013. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Dietary considerations for patients with type 2 diabetes. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated April 10, 2013. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Dietary guidelines for Americans 2010. US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: http://www.health.gov/dietaryguidelines/dga2010/DietaryGuidelines2010.pdf. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Five common food myths for people with diabetes debunked. Joslin Diabetes Center website. Available at: http://www.joslin.org/info/5-common-food-myths-for-people-with-diabetes.html. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Making healthy food choices. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/making-healthy-food-choices.html. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Sugar and desserts. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/what-can-i-eat/sweeteners-and-desserts.html. Updated August 1, 2013. Accessed September 25, 2013.
Last reviewed September 2013 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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