-- Robert Preidt
THURSDAY, Aug. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Injection drug users,
particularly those with HIV, need to be carefully monitored for
poor kidney function and considered for medical treatments when
appropriate, researchers report.
In a new study, U.S. scientists analyzed the presence of
proteinuria (excess excretion of protein in the urine, which can
lead to kidney failure and an increased risk of cardivascular
disease) in 902 injection drug users, including 273 who were
HIV-positive. Overall, about one-quarter of the injection drug
users had proteinuria and the prevalence was nearly three times
higher among those with HIV (45 percent) than among those who were
HIV-negative (16 percent).
Along with HIV infection, other factors that were linked to a
higher prevalence of proteinuria were being unemployed, older age
and having diabetes, hepatitis C infection or high blood pressure,
said Shruti H. Mehta, of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of
Public Health, and colleagues.
The study findings were released online Aug. 12 in advance of
publication in an upcoming print issue of the
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
The study authors suggest that doctors should screen
HIV-infected injection drug users for proteinuria and consider them
for treatments to protect the heart and kidneys.
The U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney
Diseases has more about
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