MONDAY, Aug. 23 (HealthDay News) -- There may be more recalls of
eggs potentially tainted by salmonella, the head of the U.S. Food
and Drug Administration said Monday.
"We may see some additional sort of sub-recalls over the next couple of days, maybe even weeks, as we better understand the network of distribution of these eggs that are contaminated," agency director Dr. Margaret Hamburg told NBC's Today show.
At least 550 million eggs have been recalled so far, according
to federal officials.
Hamburg also believes that new laws are needed to expand the
FDA's enforcement from a mostly reactive stance on food safety to a
more "preventive approach."
Appearing on the network morning news programs, Hamburg said the
FDA is taking the salmonella outbreak "very, very seriously." But,
she added, Congress should pass pending legislation that would give
her agency greater enforcement power, including new authority over
imported food, the
Associated Press reported.
"We need better abilities and authorities to put in place these preventive controls and hold companies accountable," Hamburg said.
She also offered some practical advice for consumers, urging
them to avoid runny, over-easy "egg yolks for mopping up with
During a press conference Monday afternoon, federal officials
said they have received nearly 2,000 reports of salmonella
infections in people in about 22 states, a number they predicted
would continue to grow in the coming weeks. Between Aug. 19 and 23,
the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention received an
additional 40 reports of infections, though those have not yet been
confirmed as linked to the egg recall.
The actual number of people infected may be considerably higher,
since not everyone who gets ill with salmonella seeks medical
attention, officials said. Some estimates put the actual number of
those sickened at 30 to 38 times the number reported, said Dr.
Christopher R. Braden, acting director of the CDC's Division of
Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases.
Potential sources of salmonella contamination can include
rodents, shipments of contaminated chicks or tainted feed, Hamburg
On Saturday, it was reported that the two Iowa farms linked to
the disease outbreak -- Wright County Egg and Hillandale Farms --
share suppliers of chickens and chicken feed. Jewanna Porter, a
spokeswoman for the egg industry, said the company Quality Egg
supplies young chickens and feed to both Wright County Egg and
Hillandale Farms. The two share other suppliers, she said, but she
did not name them, the
The egg industry has consolidated in recent years, meaning there
are fewer, bigger businesses controlling much of the nation's egg
supply. Further complicating matters, the salmonella outbreak has
focused attention on a potential difficulty with federal inspection
of egg farms. The FDA oversees inspections of shell eggs, while the
Agriculture Department is charged with inspecting other egg
products, the news service said.
On Friday, Hillandale Farms of New Hampton, Iowa, said it was
voluntarily recalling 170 million shell eggs produced since April
that were sent to 14 states in the Midwest and West because there
have been laboratory-confirmed cases of
Salmonella enteritidis associated with some of the eggs.
Hillandale said the eggs covered by its recall were distributed
to grocery distribution centers, retail grocery stores and
food-service companies that service or are located in Arkansas,
California, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri,
Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Texas, and
The eggs were distributed under the following brand names:
Hillandale Farms, Sunny Farms, and Sunny Meadow in 6-egg cartons,
dozen-egg cartons, 18-egg cartons, 30-egg packages, and 5-dozen
cases. Loose eggs were packaged under the following brand names:
Wholesome Farms and West Creek in 15 and 30-dozen tray packs,
Hillandale said in a news release.
Last Wednesday, Wright County Egg, the other Iowa company at the
center of the massive recall, dramatically broadened its nationwide
recall to 380 million eggs.
"We don't have an evidence other farms are involved in this outbreak, but the FDA is continuing to investigate," Hamburg said Monday.
Wright County Egg products were distributed to wholesalers and
food-service companies nationwide under multiple brand names:
Lucerne, Albertson, Mountain Dairy, Ralph's, Boomsma's, Sunshine,
Hillandale, Trafficanda, Farm Fresh, Shoreland, Lund, Dutch Farms
Additional recalls would probably involve eggs from the batches
that were already identified as possibly tainted, but were sold to
wholesalers and repackaged or rebranded by other sellers, according
to FDA officials.
The outbreak, which apparently began in May, started several
weeks before the July introduction of new federal safety rules
intended to reduce the risk of salmonella in eggs, federal
At Monday's press conference, officials said consumers should
not worry about eggs from the two Iowa farms that are contained in
processed foods such as cake mix or cookies. Those eggs would have
been pasteurized before being incorporated into those products,
which would have killed salmonella.
In healthy people, salmonella, a food-borne bacteria, can cause
fever, abdominal cramps and diarrhea and usually lasts four to
seven days. However, contamination can cause serious and sometimes
fatal infections in young children, frail or elderly people, and
others with weakened immune systems.
The FDA advises consumers to:
The FDA also warned consumers not to keep eggs warm or at room
temperature for more than two hours, and not to eat raw eggs or
restaurant dishes made with raw, undercooked or unpasteurized
Eating undercooked eggs should also be avoided, especially by
young children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems
or debilitating illness, the agency added.
Harmful bacteria such as salmonella are the most common cause of
foodborne illnesses, according to federal health officials.
For the latest information on the salmonella outbreak, visit the
U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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