Here are some of the latest health and medical news
developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:
FDA Approves New Breast Cancer Drug
A new drug for treatment of metastatic breast cancer patients
who have undergone at least two prior chemotherapy regimens has
been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
The approval of Eisai Co.'s Halaven was based on a study of 762
patients who received either Halaven or a different single-agent
therapy selected by their oncologist. The average length of time
between the start of treatment and death was 13.1 months for the
Halaven group and 10.6 months for the other patients,
Dow Jones Newswires reported.
Common side effects experienced by patients taking Halaven
included anemia, a decrease in infection-fighting white blood
cells, fatigue, hair loss, nerve damage and nausea.
In August, the FDA extended the drug's review to get further
information about chemistry and other questions related to the
"complex" manufacturing process,
Dow Jones reported.
"There are limited treatment options for women with aggressive forms of late-stage breast cancer who have already received other therapies," Dr. Richard Pazdur, director of the Office of Oncology Drug Products in the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, said in an agency news release. "Halaven shows a clear survival benefit and is an important new option for women."
FDA Announces External Defibrillator Safety Program
A new program to help companies design safer, more effective
external defibrillators was announced Monday by the U.S. Food and
The devices deliver an electrical shock to restart a stopped
heart. Until a few years ago, defibrillators were limited to
hospitals. But easy-to-use versions are now available in many
public places, such as airports and office buildings.
While external defibrillators can save lives, there have been
more than 28,000 reports of devices failing over the last five
years, says the FDA. In addition, device makers have issued 68
recalls involving hundreds of thousands of units, the
Washington Post reported.
The FDA took a close look at the issue and concluded that many
device failures could be prevented by improving design and
"These devices play an important role in health care," said the FDA's Dr. Jeffrey Shuren in an agency news release. "The purpose of our initiative is to improve these technologies so we can save more lives."
The new program will be launched with a public meeting Dec. 15
and Dec. 16 at FDA headquarters. Company representatives and others
will discuss how to improve external defibrillators, the
The FDA is also working with the emergency medicine department
at the University of Colorado to find ways to make it easier for
people to use external defibrillators more effectively, the
Cholera Death Toll Rising in Haiti
The death toll and the number of hospitalizations in Haiti's
cholera epidemic continue to rise.
As of Friday, there had been 917 deaths and more than 14,600
hospitalizations, up from the 724 deaths and 11,125
hospitalizations a few days earlier, according to the Ministry of
The New York Times reported.
Cholera has been found in six of Haiti's ten provinces, called
departments. The situation is most serious in Artibonite, where the
epidemic began. The area has accounted for two-thirds of the
nation's cholera deaths.
Experts warn that the epidemic has not peaked and will likely
worsen and spread to other regions. As many as 270,000 people may
be affected by the disease in coming years, according to United
Nations health officials,
The Times reported.
Big Tobacco Tries to Intimidate Developing Nations: Expert
Giant tobacco companies are using legal action, lobbying and
marketing campaigns to fight tighter restrictions on cigarette
marketing in developing nations.
For example, Philip Morris International this year sued the
government of Uruguay, alleging that its tobacco regulations were
excessive. The company is seeking unspecified damages for lost
The New York Times reported.
"Theyre using litigation to threaten low- and middle-income countries," said Dr. Douglas Bettcher, head of the W.H.O.s Tobacco Free Initiative.
Tobacco companies have intensified their efforts in advance of
this week's meeting in Uruguay of public health officials from 171
countries who plan to develop guidelines to enforce a worldwide
The Times reported.
Smoked Turkey Breast Products Recalled
Possible contamination with
Listera monocytogenes has led to a U.S.-wide recall of about
2,609 pounds of fully cooked, ready-to-eat smoked turkey breast
products sold by New Braunfels Smokehouse of Texas.
The bacteria can cause serious and possibly fatal infections in
the elderly, young children, and people with weakened immune
Associated Press reported.
The recalled products, produced Aug. 4, include:
For more information, consumers can contact the company at
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