-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas
WEDNESDAY, March 7 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to cocaine,
tobacco or marijuana before birth does not cause children to score
lower on academic tests, according to a new study.
Prenatal alcohol exposure, however, even in children with no
signs of fetal alcohol syndrome, was associated with lower scores
at age 11 in math reasoning and spelling, Boston University
The negative associations between intrauterine alcohol exposure
and lower test scores are significant, the researchers said,
because the study controlled for other substances, and the children
did not have fetal alcohol syndrome and had not been born preterm,
all of which could potentially decrease test scores.
In conducting the study, which was published online in the
Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, researchers collected academic achievement test scores from 119 low-income 11-year-olds enrolled in a study on cocaine exposure before birth. The researchers found that neither intrauterine exposure to cocaine nor exposure to tobacco or marijuana was associated with lower test scores.
The study authors said their findings could have serious
implications for education.
"Study findings suggest the children with histories of even low-level [intrauterine exposure to alcohol] who experience school difficulties should be evaluated particularly for arithmetic skills and depressive symptoms and offered enhanced educational methods [and] interventions tailored to their needs," study author Ruth Rose-Jacobs, an associate professor of pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine, said in a university news release.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists provides
more information on
drugs and pregnancy.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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