-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas
THURSDAY, Jan. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Women who are
breast-feeding should take precautions when deciding what type of
breast pump to use, particularly if they are considering buying or
renting a used or second-hand pump, according to a new report from
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
Although breast pumps can range from single, manual pumps to
double, electric-powered models, all have a few basic parts,
including a breast shield that fits over the nipple, a pump that
creates a vacuum to express the milk and a detachable container for
collecting the milk, Kathryn Daws-Kopp, an FDA electrical engineer,
said in the report, which was released Jan. 15.
The FDA oversees the safety and effectiveness of these
Although women can buy breast pumps, many hospitals, medical
supply stores and lactation consultants rent breast pumps that can
be used by multiple women. The FDA advised all women who use rented
or second-hand pumps to buy an accessory kit with new breast
shields and tubing -- even if the existing kit looks clean.
Potentially infectious particles may linger in a breast pump or
its accessories for a long time after a woman finishes using it.
These germs can infect the baby or the next woman who uses that
pump, said Dr. Michael Cummings, an obstetrician and gynecologist
with the FDA.
The report, published on the Consumer Updates page of the FDA's
website, offers the following tips to ensure that a breast pump is
The FDA noted that women who rent breast pumps should request
that all parts of their pump be cleaned, disinfected and sterilized
according to the manufacturer's directions. Women need to follow
these safety guidelines even if they decide to use a pump
considered "hospital grade."
"Sometimes these pumps are labeled 'hospital grade,' but that term is not one the FDA recognizes, and there is no consistent definition," Daws-Kopp said. "Consumers need to know it doesn't mean the pump is safe or hygienic."
Daws-Kopp pointed out that the definition of "hospital grade"
may also vary between companies. The FDA encourages breast pump
makers to instead use the terms "multiple user" and "single user"
in their labeling.
"If you don't know for sure whether a pump is meant for a single user or multiple users, it's safer to just not get it," Daws-Kopp advised.
The FDA report also recommended that women seek the advice of a
lactation consultant to determine what type of breast pump will fit
their needs. Among the questions mothers should consider:
"Human milk is recommended as the best and exclusive nutrient source for feeding infants for the first six months, and should be continued with the addition of solid foods after six months, ideally until the child is one year of age," Cummings said in the agency news release.
The FDA noted that babies given breast milk benefit from
improved gastrointestinal function and development as well as fewer
respiratory and urinary tract infections. Breast-fed babies also
are less likely to be obese and are less likely to have heart
disease, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, allergies and some
cancers later in life.
The FDA provides more information on
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