THURSDAY, May 16 (HealthDay News) -- As many as one in five
American children under the age of 17 has a diagnosable mental
disorder in a given year, according to a new federal report.
Released Thursday, the report represents the government's first
comprehensive look at mental disorders in children. It focuses on
diagnoses in six areas: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
(ADHD), behavioral or conduct disorders, mood and anxiety
disorders, autism spectrum disorders, substance abuse, and Tourette
The most common mental disorder among children aged 3 through 17
is ADHD. Nearly 7 percent -- about one in 15 children -- in that
age group have a current diagnosis, according to the report from
the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
For other disorders, 3.5 percent of children currently have
behavioral or conduct problems, 3 percent suffer from anxiety,
about 2 percent have depression and about 1 percent have autism.
About two children out of 1,000 aged 6 to 17 have Tourette
Among teens, about 5 percent had abused or were dependent on
illegal drugs within the past year. More than 4 percent were
abusers of alcohol, and nearly 3 percent reported being regular
The report, which supplements the May 17 issue of the CDC's
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, also noted gender
differences in mental disorders.
"Boys are more likely than girls to have most of the disorders overall," said Ruth Perou, the team leader for child development studies at the CDC.
Boys specifically are more prone to ADHD, behavioral or conduct
problems, autism spectrum disorders, anxiety and Tourette syndrome,
and are more likely to be smokers than girls, Perou said. They're
also more likely to die by suicide.
"On the other hand, girls are more likely to have depression or an alcohol-use disorder," she said.
Although this is the first time the CDC has tried to compile
prevalence estimates for some of the most common mental disorders
in a single report, the agency has long tracked rates of many of
these illnesses through population surveys.
"We are seeing increases across the board in a lot of mental disorders," Perou said. Some of the biggest jumps have been in ADHD and autism. "We don't know if it's due to greater awareness, or if these conditions actually are going up," she said.
Perou said that is a question they will try to answer as they
continue to track children's mental disorders going forward.
"The good news is that mental disorders are diagnosable and treatable," she said. "If we act early, we can really make a huge difference in children's live and in families' lives overall."
To find out more about children's mental health, head to the
U.S. National Institute for Mental Health.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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