Here are some of the latest health and medical news
developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:
Obama Creates Task Force to Reduce College Sexual Assaults
A task force to combat sexual assault on U.S. college campuses
is being created by President Barack Obama.
The presidential memorandum to create the task force was to be
signed by Obama on Wednesday, the same day as the release of a
White House report saying that college women are more likely to be
raped or assaulted than anyone else in the country, the
The document revealed that nearly 22 million American women and
1.6 million men have been raped their lifetime, and that victims
are more likely to have depression, substance abuse and physical
health problems such as diabetes and chronic pain.
The report said that the highest prevalence of rape is on
college campuses and that one in five women have been sexually
assaulted at college, but only 12 percent of student victims report
the incident, the
The task force of administration officials will have 90 days to
develop recommendations for colleges to prevent and respond to
sexual assault, boost public awareness of each school's actions on
the issue, and improve how federal agencies work together to hold
colleges accountable if they don't address the problem.
Sisters Have Lung Transplants at the Same Time
Two sisters who needed lung transplants and insisted that the
other should be first ended up in the same operating room getting
one lung each from the same donor.
The transplants on Irma Myers-Santana, 71, and Anna Williamson,
69, were performed earlier this month at Houston Methodist
Hospital. It was the first such case at the facility.
"It's never happened. ... We've transplanted siblings before, but years apart," Dr. Scott Scheinin, who did Myers-Santana's transplant, told the Associated Press. "It's a little bit of serendipity."
About 10 years ago, both sisters developed a lung condition
called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. People with the condition --
which kills more people than breast cancer every year -- develop
scarring of the lungs and often require a transplant, Scheinin
About 10 months ago, Williamson went to Houston to await a lung
transplant. Within six months, she was joined by Myers-Santana.
They lived 10 doors apart in a Houston RV park. On a few occasions,
each woman was offered a lung, but they argued over who should take
it, with each one insisting the other do so.
"If we hadn't had the transplant when we did, she would be dead right now, dead," Williamson said as her sister sat beside her in the hospital room, the APreported.
New Child Car Seat Standards Proposed by NHTSA
Child car seats would have to protect youngsters from injury and
death in side-impact collisions under new standards proposed by the
U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
The agency said the upgraded requirements for car seats for
children weighing up to 40 pounds would prevent the deaths of about
five children and injuries to 64 others each year, the
The proposal is scheduled to be announced Wednesday and public
comments will be accepted for 90 days. After the tougher standards
are approved, car seat makers will have three years to meet the new
Safety advocates praised the proposed new rules.
"I think this is terrific," Joan Claybrook, the NHTSA administrator during the Carter administration and later president of Public Citizen, told the AP. She added that the NHTSA's predictions of how many lives will be saved and injuries avoided are "very, very conservative."
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