Chorioretinitis is an inflammation of the choroid, a lining of the retina deep in the eye. This inflammation can affect vision.
You should visit your doctor as soon as you suspect you have this condition because it is often caused by a more serious, often systemic, condition. Also, some cases of chorioretinitis can lead to permanent vision loss, especially if not treated promptly.
Chorioretinitis may be caused by infection or by autoimmune diseases, including
tuberculosis, and congenital toxoplasmosis. It is sometimes caused by an infection that you experienced when you were young; symptoms of chorioretinitis may not appear for 10 to 20 years.
Risk factors include:
If you experience any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to chorioretinitis. These symptoms may be caused by other health conditions as well. If you experience any one of them, see your eye doctor immediately.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, including illnesses and injuries, and perform a physical exam.
To prepare for a comprehensive eye exam, your doctor may put drops in your eyes to numb them and to dilate the pupils. The slit lamp, a special microscope to examine the eye, will focus a high powered beam of light into your eye to examine the cornea and other structures in your eye.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you.
Medications recommended will vary depending on the cause of the chorioretinitis. Steroid (anti-inflammatory) eye drops are the most common treatment. Your doctor may also prescribe oral medications or possibly inject steroids around the eye. If the chorioretinitis is related to an active infection, then antibiotic medications may be used as well. Your doctor may also prescribe dilating drops, which help prevent the iris from sticking to the lens underneath and reduce discomfort. However, these drops will increase glare and light sensitivity.
Also, if your doctor determines that the chorioretinitis was caused by another medical disorder, your doctor will treat the underlying condition as well. Most likely your doctor will order tests to try to determine the cause of your chorioretinitis.
Because chorioretinitis is often caused by infections or systemic illnesses, take the following steps to help reduce your chance of getting the condition:
National Eye Institute, US National Institutes of Health
St. Luke’s Retina Institute
Canadian Association of Optometrists
Canadian Ophthalmological Society
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Last reviewed [Under Medical Review] by Eric L. Berman, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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