Editorial Staff And Contributors
is defined as inadequate or poor-quality sleep despite having adequate time to sleep. Insomnia may take the form of difficulty falling asleep, or middle-of-the-night or early-morning awakening. It may be a short-term problem or occur more often over a long period of time.
It becomes more common as you get older.
Over the course of a year, about one third to half of adults experience some level of insomnia. About 10%-15% have more severe or chronic insomnia. It may cause problems during the day, such as tiredness, a lack of energy, difficulty concentrating, and irritability.
Insomnia is not a disease. Instead, it is a result of a behavior or a symptom of an underlying mental or physical problem. There are many causes of insomnia.
Short-term insomnia is often due to temporary situations. It generally occurs in people who are experiencing one or more of the following:
Chronic insomnia often results from a medical condition. They may include:
Chronic insomnia may also be due to behavioral factors. These include:
For some people, insomnia is aggravated by:
Buysse DJ. Insomnia. JAMA. 2013;309(7):706-716.
Can't sleep at night? National Sleep Foundation
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Accessed March 2, 2016.
Insomnia in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 27, 2016. Accessed March 2, 2016.
Merrigan JM, Buysse DJ, Bird JC, Livingston EH. JAMA patient page. Insomnia. JAMA 2013;309(7):733.
What is insomnia?
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
website. Available at:
http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/inso. Updated December 13, 2011. Accessed March 2, 2016.
Last reviewed March 2016 by Marcin Chwistek, MD
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