Karen Schroeder Kassel, MS, RD, MEd
If you are having preterm labor, you may be given medication. Drugs for preterm labor include:
Tocolytics are drugs that minimize the strength and number of contractions. Although an ideal goal would be to stop preterm labor completely, the most that can be reasonably expected from current tocolytics is a delay of 48 hours. This delay allows time for treatment with steroids and antibiotics. Steroids are given to speed the baby’s lung development. Even a few extra days in the uterus can be vital to the baby’s development.
Antibiotics may be given to treat a suspected infection. During this time, you may also be transferred to a better-equipped hospital.
These drugs can be given through an IV or by mouth between 24 and 34 weeks gestation.
Calcium channel blockers reduce smooth muscle contractions, such as those in the uterus.
In addition, statistically significant benefit has been seen for infants in terms of preventing
respiratory distress syndrome,
necrotizing enterocolitis, intraventricular hemorrhage, and
Common names include:
Prostaglandins cause uterine contractions, so these drugs are meant to block the production of prostaglandin.
These drugs cause uterine muscles to relax.
This is a muscle relaxant that is given intravenously. While this medication has not been proven to delay preterm birth, it is effective in treating
and does offer protection against brain injury in the baby. Hence, it is used frequently in the presence of preterm labor.
If you are between 24-34 weeks of pregnancy, your doctor may give corticosteroids. These drugs help your baby’s lungs mature. They also reduce the risk of respiratory distress syndrome and bleeding in the brain. With these drugs, your baby will breathe easier after delivery.
Antibiotics help to treat and prevent infection in both the mother and the baby. Preterm babies are at increased risk of infection because their immune systems are immature.
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What treatments can reduce the chances of preterm labor & birth?
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Last reviewed June 2013 by Andrea Chisholm
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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