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This test makes images that show activity in body tissues. A substance that gives off a tiny amount of radiation is put into your body. This substance goes to the part of you body that is most active. A machine can then detect where that substance is. PET can be done for many body parts, including:
A PET scan may be done for a number of reasons, including:
Complications are rare. If you are planning to have a PET scan, your doctor will review a list of possible complications.
Some people have a bad reaction to the contrast dye. The contrast is chemical that improves the details in the pictures. In some people the contrast can cause allergic reactions or kidney problems.
A PET scan does use radiation. You and your doctor will weigh the harms and benefits of this test. A PET scan may not be advised if you are pregnant.
Be sure to discuss these risks with your doctor before the test. Let your doctor know about any allergies or unrelated illnesses you may have.
A nurse or technologist will give you a radioactive substance. This may be done through an injection, or in some cases, you will be asked to breathe in a gas. It will travel through your blood to the area of the body being studied. It takes 30-90 minutes for the substance to be absorbed by the tissue. Once the substance has been absorbed, the scan can take place.
You will lie on a table and be moved into a machine that looks like a large, square doughnut. This machine detects and records the energy levels from the substance that was injected earlier. The images are viewed on a computer monitor. The scan lasts about 30-45 minutes. You may be asked to perform specific tasks before or during the test. For example, during a heart PET scan, you may be asked to walk on a treadmill.
Drink plenty of fluids to help the radioactive substance pass from your body.
At least two hours
Except for the pinprick from the injection, a PET scan is a painless procedure. People who are
(uncomfortable in closed or tight spaces) may have some
The images will show activity levels as different colors or degrees of brightness. A radiologist will review the images and send the results to your doctor. It may take a few days for your doctor to receive the report.
Call your doctor if you have any unusual symptoms, like a rash, itching, or difficulty breathing. These symptoms may mean that you are having an allergic reaction to the radioactive substance.
Society of Nuclear Medicine
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Goroll AH, Mulley AG.
Primary Care Medicine. 4th ed. Boston, MA: Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins; 2000.
National Institutes of Health website. Available at:
http://www.nih.gov. Accessed July 22, 2009.
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan. Mayo Clinic website. Available at:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pet-scan/MY00238. Updated June 2009. Accessed July 22, 2009.
Radiological Society of North America website. Available at:
http://www.rsna.org. Accessed July 22, 2009.
Last reviewed September 2013 by Daus Mahnke, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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