Diarrhea

Uses

  • Stools (Loose)
Diarrhea is more than three loose, liquid stools in one day. It may also happen with belly pain, fever, nausea and vomiting, and other symptoms. It is a symptom of many health problems. It can lead to dehydration when it lasts too long.
It is treated by drinking plenty of fluids and making some changes to your diet until it goes away. Some people may need medicine. Others may turn to natural treatments to treat diarrhea.

Natural Therapies

Likely Effective

These supplements are likely to ease diarrhea:
These therapies are also likely to ease diarrhea:

May Be Effective

These supplements may ease diarrhea:
  • Colostrum is the milky substance that mothers produce from their breasts in the first few days after birth. It may help ease diarrhea when taken as a supplement. B1
  • Modified Tongxie Yaofang is a traditional Chinese medicine. B9
  • Shugan Jianpi Zhixie therapy is a Chinese herbal formula. B12
  • Vitamin A is needed for immune function, vision, reproduction, and cell communication. B13

Not Enough Data to Assess

  • Tui Na C1
Editorial process and description of evidence categories can be found at EBSCO NAT Editorial Process.
Editorial process and description of evidence categories can be found at EBSCO NAT Editorial Process.

Herbs and Supplements to Be Used With Caution

Talk to your doctor about any supplements or therapy you would like to use. Some can interfere with treatment or make conditions worse, such as.
  • Zinc may cause nausea.

References

A Acupuncture
A1 Dang D, Guo K, et al. [Acupuncture for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome: a meta-analysis]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2017;37(8):907-912.
B Herbs and Supplements
B1 Kaducu FO, Okia SA, et al. Effect of bovine colostrum-based food supplement in the treatment of HIV-associated diarrhea in Northern Uganda: a randomized controlled trial. Indian J Gastroenterol. 2011;30(6):270-276.
B2 Sun J, Wang H, et al. Glutamine for chemotherapy induced diarrhea: a meta-analysis. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2012;21(3):380-385.
B3 Lamberti LM, Walker CL, et al. Oral zinc supplementation for the treatment of acute diarrhea in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrients. 2013;5(11):4715-4740.
B4 Guarino A, Guandalini S, et al. Probiotics for Prevention and Treatment of Diarrhea. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2015;49(1):37-45.
B5 Zou TT, Mou J, et al. Zinc supplementation in acute diarrhea. Indian J Pediatr. 2015;82(5):415-420.
B6 Goldenberg JZ, Yap C, et al. Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;12:CD006095.
B7 Liu MM, Li ST, et al. Probiotics for prevention of radiation-induced diarrhea: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLoS One. 2017;12(6):e0178870.
B8 Florez ID, Veroniki AA, et al. Comparative effectiveness and safety of interventions for acute diarrhea and gastroenteritis in children: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2018;13(12):e0207701.
B9 Dai YK, Li DY, et al. Efficacy and safety of Modified Tongxie Yaofang in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome management: A meta-analysis of randomized, positive medicine-controlled trials. PLoS One. 2018 Feb 6;13(2):e0192319.
B10 Anheyer D, Frawley J, et al. Herbal Medicines for Gastrointestinal Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Pediatrics. 2017 Jun;139(6). pii: e20170062.
B11 Lazzerini M, Wanzira H. Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Dec 20;12:CD005436.
B12 Xiao Y, Liu Y, et al. The efficacy of Shugan Jianpi Zhixie therapy for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome: a meta-analysis of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. PLoS One. 2015 Apr 8;10(4):e0122397.
B13 Gottlieb T, Heather CS. Diarrhoea in adults (acute). BMJ Clin Evid. 2011 Feb 15;2011. pii: 0901.
B14 Patel AB, Mamtani M, et al. What zinc supplementation does and does not achieve in diarrhea prevention: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Infect Dis. 2011 May 12;11:122.
C Other Therapies
C1 Lai BY, Liang N, et al. Pediatric Tui Na for acute diarrhea in children under 5 years old: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Complement Ther Med. 2018;41:10-22.
C2 Gao L, Jia C, et al. Paediatric massage for treatment of acute diarrhoea in children: a meta-analysis. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018 Sep 18;18(1):257.
C3 Pavlinac PB, Brander RL, et al. Interventions to reduce post-acute consequences of diarrheal disease in children: a systematic review. BMC Public Health. 2018 Feb 1;18(1):208.

Revision Information

  • Reviewer: EBSCO NAT Review Board Eric Hurwitz, DC
  • Review Date: 11/2019
  • Update Date: 05/28/2020