This is a disease you get from a virus. Mumps isn't common. That's because most of us are vaccinated as children. But when an unvaccinated person is exposed to it, they can be infected. They can spread it to others.
The virus that causes mumps is a member of the Rubulavirus family. It grows in the nose and throat of an infected person. It spreads in drops of moisture that are released in coughs and sneezes. You can inhale these germs. Or, you can touch a surface where they have landed and transfer them to your eyes or mouth.
Some people who have an infection never show any signs. But in others, symptoms usually appear two to three weeks after exposure. An infected person may have swollen, painful salivary glands. This can make it hard to chew and swallow. They may have a fever, headache and muscle aches. They may feel weak and tired, with a loss of appetite. In severe cases, mumps can cause serious complications. It can cause swelling of the brain and fluid around the brain and spinal cord. It can harm the pancreas. In boys, it can cause the testicles to swell. It can cause hearing loss and heart problems. And, it can cause a pregnant woman to lose her baby.
Rest is the best treatment for mumps. Pain relievers, soft foods and plenty of fluids can help. Severe symptoms can be treated by a doctor. Your healthcare provider will create a care plan that's right for you.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.