Alayne Ronnenberg, ScD
The treatment and management of infertility in men will depend on the underlying cause or causes of the infertility. Treatment will focus on correcting any structural or hormonal abnormalities that may be influencing infertility. This may be accomplished through medications or surgery. Lifestyle changes and other treatments, such as assisted reproductive technologies (ART), may be used to enhance semen quality and increase the likelihood of fertilization.
The ultimate goal of infertility treatment is a pregnancy ending in the birth of a healthy baby. Infertility treatments can be lengthy and expensive. They are not always covered by medical insurance, and they are not always successful.
Treatment involves the following:
Infertility in men. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T902812/Infertility-in-men. Updated February 26, 2016. Accessed October 4, 2016.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Guideline: management of infertility caused by ovulatory dysfunction.
American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Guideline: optimal evaluation of the infertile female.
Fertil and Steril.
American Society for Reproductive Medicine website. Available at:
http://www.asrm.org/topics/detail.aspx?id=1331. Accessed September 14, 2012.
RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association website. Available at:
http://www.resolve.org. Accessed September 14, 2012.
Sharlip ID, Jarrow J, et al. Report on optimal evaluation of the infertile male.
Shefi S, Turek PJP. Definition and current evaluation of subfertile men.
Internat Braz J Urol.
Vasectomy. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115819/Vasectomy. Updated January 26, 2015. Accessed October 4, 2016.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
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