-- Robert Preidt
THURSDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Hepatitis B vaccination is
recommended for all unvaccinated adults with type 1 and type 2
diabetes aged 19 to 59, say new guidelines from the U.S. Advisory
Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP).
The vaccination should be done as soon as possible after adults
in this age group are diagnosed with diabetes.
Unvaccinated adults with diabetes who are older than 59 can
receive hepatitis B vaccination at the discretion of their doctor,
the ACIP advises.
The recommendations are outlined in the Dec. 23 issue of the
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Between 700,000 and 1.4 million people in the United States are
infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV), according to background
information in the report.
Chronic HBV infection damages the liver and can lead to serious
illness and death. More than 15 percent of adults with chronic HBV
infection develop cirrhosis and liver cancer, the authors of the
People with diabetes are at increased risk for HBV infection,
which can occur through exposure to small, even invisible, amounts
of blood from an infected person who earlier used a shared medical
or glucose-monitoring device, the article states.
The hepatitis B virus can survive outside the body and is easily
transmitted. This means that virus transmission can occur if
finger-stick devices or blood glucose monitors meant for one person
are used by more than one person without appropriate cleaning or
infection control measures.
"Initiatives are ongoing to improve infection control training of staff responsible for providing or assisting with diabetes care, and to improve the design and labeling of devices used in diabetes monitoring and treatment," according to a CDC news release.
The American Academy of Family Physicians has more about
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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