Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)


This is a speech disorder. It involves the brain and the muscles that control speech. With this disorder, it's hard to make the muscle movements needed for speaking.


What causes this disorder? Well, it can result from a brain injury. A stroke, a severe infection or head trauma can cause that injury. It may be linked to a genetic problem. And, sometimes the cause is never known.


A child with this disorder may have speech delays, along with a wide range of other speech issues. It may be hard for them to say even simple words. As they speak, they may have trouble moving from one sound to the next. They may stress the wrong syllables, and pause in the middle of words. They may leave out certain sounds, or substitute sounds that are easier to say. They may make groping movements with their jaw, lips and tongue as they try to speak. And they may say the same thing differently from one instance to the next. This can make the child very hard to understand.


Childhood apraxia of speech is treated with speech therapy. An electronic tablet, sign language or other communication methods may help. Your healthcare provider will create a plan that's right for you.