Reducing Your Risk for Heart Attack


Your risk for heart attack is tied to a lot of factors. Some things (like your age and family history) you can't control. But you do have control over many others. So if you're worried about your risk, focus on these aspects of your health.

Tobacco and alcohol

First, if you're a smoker, kick the habit. Don't smoke, and don't expose yourself to secondhand smoke. And limit the alcohol you drink. Both smoking and drinking are bad for your heart health.


Next, make sure you're eating a healthy diet. Choose fresh, nutritious foods. Eat fresh fruit and vegetables and whole grains. Limit salt, fat and added sugars.


Along with eating a healthy diet, get regular exercise. It's good for your heart. You need to keep your weight at a healthy level, and exercise can help you do this. It can also help reduce stress. Talk to your doctor about the activities that you can do safely.

Other health concerns

Work on getting your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control. Take steps to control high blood pressure. If you have diabetes, make sure you're managing it properly. Diet and exercise help with all of these issues. But if you're still having trouble, talk to your doctor about medications and other methods that can help you.


And finally, make sure you get enough sleep. Not getting enough sleep raises the risk for high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes, which can raise the risk for heart attack. Sleep apnea also raises the risk for heart disease. So make sleep a priority. Talk with your healthcare provider if you are having sleep issues.


By adopting a healthier lifestyle and following your doctor's recommendations, you'll soon be on the path to better heart health.